Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation came forward with an initiative to reduce the number of priority directions of science and technology development during the crisis. According to ITAR-TASS, the declaration was made by Sergey Ivanov, Vice-Premier, at the meeting of the Governmental Committee on High Technologies and Innovations.
Sergey Ivanov elaborated on the solution proposed by the ministry. According to him, after the analysis of each of the selected directions “the most promising ones from the point of view of technological and innovative development of Russia” will be chosen. In this way, vice-premier specified, the priorities of science development in the country will be made more precise, and the necessary resource concentration in the remaining directions will be ensured. The government will prefer the projects that will provide “maximum effect” in “ensuring national security, raise in manufacturing competitive ability, stable social and economic development”.
Besides, the Vice-Premier stressed that the economic situation with attracting new staff to high-tech branches is critical.
“The basis of policy of the Russian Federation in the sphere of science and technology development before 2010 and in further prospect” was adopted in 2002 by the then-President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin. In his speech at the united meeting of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, Presidium of the State Council of the Russian Federation, and Council on High Technologies and Innovations, Vladimir Putin called the list of the priority directions of science development “short”.
There already was a reduction of the number of priority directions in 2004. Then seven direction out of nine were left, and the number of critical technologies was reduced from 52 to 33. Such scientific directions, as the development of space and aviation technologies and modern transport technologies, stopped being priorities.
Andrey Fursenko, Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, was decorated with the highest order of Yakutia – the Pole Star. As stated in the decree, he was decorated “for special merits in the development of education and science system, contribution to the training of highly qualified personnel, and long-term fruitful cooperation”.
The minister had been to the Republic of Yakutia many times, rendered assistance in raising funding for building of schools and acquiring computer equipment for them, providing access to the internet for 100% of schools in the Republic. With his active assistance “The program of development of Yakutsk State University for 2006-2011” was developed and adopted. This document became the basis for the development of innovative educational program, which was acknowledged as the best one at the federal inter-university contest in 2007.
About 28 thousand students of Russian higher education institutions, who had problems with paying education fees during the crisis and who were successful in studying, were transferred from paid to state-financed places in 2009, informed Igor Remorenko, Director of the Department of State Policy in Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.
Dmitry Medvedev, President of the Russian Federation, commissioned the Government and the Ministry of Education and Science with the development of measures to support students, including transfer of advanced students from paid to state-financed places, fixing education fees in roubles for the whole period of education, and offering credits for educational purposes.
“Transfer of students began after the President’s initiative, announced on February 2 this year, and after the recommendation of the Ministry of Education and Science, sent to educational institutions on March 13. On the whole, 28 thousand students were transferred to state-financed places,” said Remorenko, answering readers’ questions to experts of the Russian Social Council for Education Development.
He reminded that the opportunity of such transfer was stipulated in the legislative acts, and higher education institutions used it at their own discretion.
Vladimir Vasilyev, Rector of Saint Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics, told RIANovosti, that in this university students are transferred from paid to state-financed places, if there are free state-financed places in their speciality. Besides, to be transferred to a state-financed place, one should be getting good and excellent marks for a year.
“But there are exceptions: if a student is in difficult circumstances, such as the parents’ death, we certainly make advances, even if he or she has studied less than a year. So the rules and conditions are quite simple, our students know it and use the opportunity actively,” he said.
Vasilyev added, that the decision to transfer a student is made with the active participation of faculty and university student governments, which give testimonials to students willing to be transferred to state-financed places.
“In other words, we transfer students following not only the dean’s and department head’s decision, we also ask student organizations, because in most cases there are more volunteers than there are free state-financed places, and students often know better than lecturers, who is more worthy of studying on a state-financed basis,” he added.
In March the Ministry of Education and Science recommended all Russian higher education institutions to transfer paid students, who have been receiving good and excellent marks for four semesters, to state-financed places. The Ministry proposed to transfer those, who are having personal problems, for instance those whose parents have lost jobs, in the first place. It is enough for such students to have good and satisfactory marks.
Educational institutions were recommended to transfer students after each session, that is twice a year, and to inform students about the number of vacant state-financed places at the official websites after each session.
During the 2008-2009 academic year about 4.5 million people studied in Russian higher education institutions on a paid basis.
Mobile TeleSystems company (MTS) established a third-generation network in Moscow underground. “Universitet” became the first underground station where you can use it.
Before the end of summer 3G network, provided by MTS, will become available at “Biblioteka Imeni Lenina”, “Preobrazhenskaya Ploshad”, and “Chistye Prudy” stations, and in autumn 2009 it will spread over all the stations of the Moscow underground circle line.
MTS subscribers will be able to use high-speed Internet connection, download multimedia content and emails. To use services of the third-generation network with the speed of data transfer up to 3.6 Mbit/sec, it is enough for a subscriber to have a mobile phone supporting 3G standard, activated GPRS service, and to be within the cover of 3G network of MTS. Registration in 3G network is automatic and free, fees for the services are charged according to the subscriber’s tariff plan.
Education in Russia will remain one of the state social priorities for nine months after Russia’s entering the world economic crisis, as declared Andrey Fursenko, Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, in his interview to RIANovosti on Saturday.
“We did not feel the lack of the state’s attention and did not feel that interest to the sphere of education had fallen,” the minister said on the sidelines of St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. According to him, Ministry of Education and Science should concentrate its attention in two basic points. “These are the issue of retraining those who have lost job or are at risk of losing it, and creating conditions for continuing education for those graduates who will not be able to find a job at once. They should take part in real economy, get new knowledge, qualifications,” Fursenko said.
According to his data, about 20% of graduates who studied at economic and law faculties are in danger zone. About 5% of graduates with degrees in information and communication technologies could not find a job, the situation is virtually the same in transport sphere.
“Education is the most important means of development, and today we must think about the ways to provide the most efficient way out of the crisis, and at the same time to determine the development of post-crisis economy,” the minister declared.
“Today we together with our colleagues from the Ministry of Economic Development are analyzing the future of economics in Russia and in the world, so that to organize an up-to-date education system which will be efficient and successful for the nearest 10-15 years,” he said.
At 13:00 on May 7 a meeting of Scientific and Expert Council attached to the Chairman of the Council of Federation was held at the Council of Federation. The theme of the meeting was “Russian higher vocational education: problems and prospects”.
The meeting was conducted by Sergey Mironov, Chairman, the Council of Federation.
As informed the press service of the higher chamber of the Russian Parliament, those present at the meeting discussed the problems of state regulation of the higher vocational education in the context of changes in organizational and legal forms of educational institutions. Issues of availability, quality, and competitiveness of Russian higher vocational education were discussed at the meeting, as well as demand for such education at the labour market, the quality of higher education in the regions, the condition of non-state higher education in Russia.
Yury Sentyurin, Deputy Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, and Alexey Lyalin, Rector, State University of Management, made reports at the meeting. Among those who took part in the discussion were: members of the Council of Federation, deputies of the State Duma, representatives of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, as well as the leading experts and rectors.
Within the framework of his working visit to Moscow Aslan Thakushinov, President, Republic of Adygei, met with Andrey Fursenko, Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. They discussed the questions of reforming education, as well as further perfection of state educational standards, taking into consideration the national regional component.
At present it is one of the urgent problems in educational sphere, and it is actively discussed in the Russian regions.
“A new standard, developed be the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, should take into account all opportunities and demands of national republics. Andrey Fursenko assured me, that without consideration of national peculiarities, the opportunity to study one’s native tongue and culture of titular ethnic groups living in Russian regions, it will not be adopted,” President of the Republic of Adygei commented the results of the meeting.
As a correspondent of Regions.ru was informed in the press-service of the republican administration, Adygei, as a national region of Russia, will take an active part in developing new education plans, taking into account the national component. Experimental creation of a new state educational standard has already begun in some constituent territories of Russia.
The experiment will start on September 1 in the schools of Adygei, along with the implementation of a new system of wages for teachers. They plan to select “pilot” basic schools, in the curricula of which the new standard will be included, in every municipality of the republic.
Provision of Internet connection for schools in the north of Kamchatka Territory continues within the framework of the priority national project “Education”. This is the information from the Ministry of Education and Science of Kamchatka Territory.
At present, Internet connection has been established in four schools, and 11 more schools are planned to obtain it. It will enable these schools to integrate into the united information space and help the Ministry of Education and Science of Kamchatka Territory to hold Unified State Examinations in the schools of far-away and hard-to-reach areas. The provision of Internet connection is paid for from the territorial budget. 4.5 million roubles are provided for this purpose.