Internet can not be stopped by legislation “deeds”: members of parliament about equating news aggregators to mass media
“Commersant” unformed that the draft law equating aggregators to mass media was made in State Duma, on Wednesday, February 24. The authors of the initiative refer to social investigations according to which 60% of users find news not via traditional mass media, but in search programs and aggregators.
Alexander Yuschenko, member of faction of Communist Party of the Russian Federation, told that: “Such resources determine news list ranging news. This function requires the same responsibility as the one of mass media”. Then he highlighted that unreliability of information can be connected with “booked placement of news” in tops also. Moreover according to him, foreign social networks – Twitter, Facebook – in other countries already test their own news services thus such activity requires regulation by Russian laws.
Leonid Levin, Head of Duma Committee for information logistics, is not acquainted yet with the details of his colleagues’ offers, but considers regulation in this sphere to be “actual”. He highlighted: “Today it is not already important where a message appeared. It’s important who will promote it. Aggregators of news information play serious role, and it’s hard not to notice this fact, especially for regulators”.
Mr Levin told to “Ъ”: “Role of social networks as modern news services increases. Internet users consume their products as newspapers and TV before. Instead of digital news board they turned into hi-tech distributors of news content with their own programming comparable with TV channels”.
In its turn Yandex argued against equating news aggregators to mass media: requirements of new draft law that offers to equate news aggregators to mass media, are immoderate and do not correspond to actual abilities of owners of news aggregators. Thus they are impossible. This is the content of a message published by the Company in its weblog on Thursday, February 25.
Interview of Dmitry Livanov, Minister of education and science of the RF, to RBK newspaper
He told: “We have to significantly increase the speed of construction: one hundred schools a year is not enough. We shall have more quick rates to provide each pupil with possibility to study in one shift within ten years. We shall make near 6.5 mln places within these ten years”.
According to the Minister, not all these places will be made for account of new construction: some school buildings that were removed from education system in 1990s will be returned. Some schools will be reconstructed – they will have more floors and additions.
Mr Livanov remined that till 2025 all Russian pupils shall study in one shift. The corresponding program was signed in October 2015.
The Minister highlighted: “In 2016 the law “About budget” states financing in the amount of 50 billions RUR, and this is just a federal part. Now we develop a regional program with each region: special events in each town council for future ten years. When we finally coordinate these 85 programs, we’ll see the volume of regional co-financing clearly. 2016 is the first year of the program, and it’s important for us that the program starts”.
He explained that subsidy of the federal budget will be given for purchase of a ready building by a region, or as a compensation of expenses of regional budget for construction. Mr Livanov told: “In any case buildings shall be constructed in accordance with standard plan and equipped with all necessary things in accordance with special standard, and then commissioned to a customer – a region. And just after that a subsidy from federal budget will come to compensate all the expenses”.
Foundation of Moscow Polytechnic University
Special commission under Ministry of education and science of the RF considered and unanimously approved the initiative of scientific boards of Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering and Moscow State University of Printing Arts of Ivan Fedorov about uniting and foundation of Moscow Polytechnic University on the base of two universities. Order about foundation of the new university is prepared in the Ministry already.
Plans on uniting and foundation of Moscow Polytechnic University on the base of two universities were approved by Commission for evaluation of consequences of decision about reorganization of federal state education organization under Ministry of education and science of Russia.
Rectors of universities, representatives of Moscow Education Department, Board of Rectors of universities of Moscow and Moscow region, Professional Union of workers of public education and science of the RF took part in the discussion. Rectors of the universities presented their view of perspectives of further development of the integrated university in the form of large multidisciplinary polytechnic university, that can become one of the center for training qualified engineers for Moscow and Moscow region. Alexander Klimov, Deputy Minister of education and science of the RF, paid attention to the serious potential of development of the university:- Today Moscow is one of the largest metropolises of the world. Provision of continued functioning and development of engineering infrastructures of the city requires training a lot of highly qualified specialists. Foundation of new university strategically aimed at solution of this important task, will allow to take into consideration actual requirements of key employers and enterprises of real sector of economy of Moscow and Moscow region.
School libraries development concept
The present concept is a system of viewpoints at basic principles, aims, tasks and basic directions of development of libraries of the organizations executing education activity and realizing basic general education programs (hereinafter Concept, school libraries) in the Russian Federation.
Scale and depth of the necessary amendments of school libraries are caused by challenges to the education system connected with transfer to post-industrial information society, increase of significance of role of IT in all spheres of life, increase of influence of professional association and non-governmental organizations on the requirements to the education system.
President of Russia at the meeting of State Council for issues of improvement of the system of general education on December 23, 2015, set a goal to make Russian school one of the best ones in the world. Creation of new infrastructure of school education providing contemporary terms for introduction of effective education technologies and pedagogical methods in general-education organizations, shall be one of the most important results of execution of the orders.
Significance of school libraries in contemporary world and in Russia
In contemporary world school libraries become an infrastructural basis of education al activity, providing necessary terms for realization of meta-subject education oriented at self-determination and complex system satisfaction of individual education needs of each student.
Education practice of the leading world countries indicates that school library of today shall be of education and illumination (civil and patriotic, spiritual and esthetic education), information and methodic, cultural and illumination, profession-oriented, provisional and leisure functions.
School library of today is the center of social life, access point to the newest technologies for work with information for all citizens, place for collective thoughts and co-arts, key element of infrastructure of reading and continuous education, that requires absolutely another equipment and organization of library space.
School libraries of outstanding education organizations now becomes a natural place for sharing actual pedagogical methods and area for teachers’ development. Association of practicing pedagogues creates author education content on the base of school libraries – digital and information education resources, remote open courses, interactive education modules etc.
Provision of smart-education infrastructure by school libraries is a very important tendency now. This direction of continuous education supposes flexible education in interactive education environment including common are for collective work, interactive content and intellectual education technologies.
Introduction of the above innovative mechanisms of work including net cooperation, of school libraries will provide increase of general effectiveness of national education system.In Russia, as all over the world, school libraries of education organizations become a significant factor of development of human capital, and their influence in education activity and public life does increase as well.
nificant factor of development of human capital, and their influence in education activity and public life does increase as well.
In Russia Program for support of national literatures of Russian nations is developed
In Russia Program for support of national literatures of Russian nations is developed. According to the program it is planned to support edition and distribution of books, prose, poetry, analogues, children literature and dramaturgy of Russian nations. Sergey Naryshkin reminded about that at the meeting with workers of art in Pashkov House in Moscow.
The event was the part of National committee for the Year of literature.
Sergey Naryshkin told: “Russian language is a treasure that shall be kept, accumulated and even protect now. I mean not Russian language only but all national languages of our country”.
He highlighted: “Russian language is both native and state for many millions of people. All of us understand large significance of Russian culture for the world culture treasure. We respect multinational culture and history of our country”.
Then he added that to support national literatures via revival and development including school of literature translation, is one of the main tasks of today. He specified: “First of all translation shall be made from national languages into Russian”. He reminded that before in 20 century due to translations multinational literature of our country became the treasure of the whole reading world. The Head of the Chamber is sure that “Our country is still rich with great original writers and poets that write in different languages. And they shall be included in the multi-language fund of Russian culture”.
Bases of finance literacy will be concluded in school program as parts of several disciplines
In 2016-2017 school year schools will teach bases of financial literacy both as part of obligatory subject “Social science” and extra tuition. Approximate basic educational program of basic general education including approximate working program of “Social science” subject, is already in the register of approximate programs of Ministry of education and science of Russia at website www.fgosreestr.ru. According to Natalia Tretyak, approximate working programs for 10-11 years pupils are developed already and pass multiple inspections and it is supposed that they will appear there in the first half of 2016 that will allow schools to form their educational programs for new school year already.
Natalia Tretyak highlighted actuality of finance literacy. She added: “It’s important that in future children could orient in terms of taxes, credits, expenses and could use them in everyday life. Thus we and our colleagues from Ministry of Finances and Centrobank started a project on formation the bases of financial literacy of pupils”.
The programs are to be applied within “Social science” subject and special subjects “Right” and “Economics’. Thus according to Natalia Tretyak schools can also use separate elements and modules of programs for realization of other subjects. Even mathematical tasks cam contain elements of financial literacy that forms meta-subjected competences.
Starting from 2015 there is large work on additional training of teachers in the sphere of teaching in accordance with new Federal State Education Standard and on separate subjects as well. Ministry of education and science together with Ministry of finances and Centrobank developed programs for training teachers, and Academy of occupational retraining of education employees, from February 16, 2016 started to prepare tutors that will realize these programs for teachers in regions. All attendees will receive study guide “Bases of financial literacy” and a workbook developed by Central Bank of the Russian Federation.
Finalists of the 2nd Russian award “For faith to science” are announced
List of the finalists of the 2nd Russian award “For faith to science” is published. It includes scientists, journalists and researchers who made significant contribution into popularization of Russian science, as well as projects that, according to experts, made science closer, easier and more comprehensible for wide audience. This year there are new nominations in the award: “Best children project about science” and “Best photo-work about science”. “Special award “For faith to science”” and “Best online project about science” are the most popular nominations of the award.
Science education project “Elements”, one of the finalists, represented in nomination “Best online project about science”, announced about self-disqualification from the award. Organizing committee respects the team’s choice and wish it successful development and further victories.
The finalists will participate in the solemn awarding ceremony, where this year Award laureates will be announced. The ceremony will take on February 08, 2016, on the Day of Russian science, in Moscow International House of Music.
Leading scientists from all over the country, winners of government awards, journalists, representatives of the Government and public authorities will be among the guests of the ceremony. It is supposed that Dmitry Livanov, Minister of education and science of the Russian Federation, will make a welcome speech to the laureates.
List of the finalists of Russian award “For faith to science” of 2015:
Education Internet project “Arzamas”
Nikolay Andreev, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Head of Laboratory of promotion and popularization of Mathematics in V.A. Steklov Institute of Mathematics of Russian Academy of Sciences
Magazine “In the world of science”
“Question of science” (TV show of Nauka 2.0 and Russian 24 channels)
Children lyceum of Polytechnical Museum (Moscow)
“EXperiments” (TV show of Nauka 2.0 channel)
Yury Zvezdny, astro-photographer
Iliya Kolmanoskiy, biologist, journalist, teacher and science communicator
“Shroedinger’s Cat” Magazine
Alexander Kolobanov, photographer
“Lounge of Gutenberg”, lyceum
“Summer School” (education project, Moscow region)
N+1, science education magazine
“News of Science with Alena Urmantseva” (show of TVC channel)
Online project “Open Science”
“Popular Mechanics”, Magazine
Sergey Popov, astro-physicist, Dr of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Leading Research Associate of P.K. Sternberg State Astronomical Institute
“ScienceSlam Russia”, project
Alexander Semenov, photographer (“Aquatilis” Expedition)
“Scientists for children” (lyceum of “Experimentarium” museum)
The list of the finalists is also available at the official website of the Award - http://truescience.ru/ceremony
Russian award “For faith to science” is founded by Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation to encourage journalists, scientists and representatives of business who made important contribution into development of Russian science and its interpretation.
International Readers Marathon «Karenina. Live edition» took place in Internet on October 3-4
More than 700 persons live on TV read fragments of «Anna Karenina» on October 3-4 within project «Karenina. Live edition». Internet users and amateurs of classic literature joined to the project in Moscow, Yasnaya Polyana, St. Petersburg, Vladivostok, Novosibirsk, Perm, London, New York, Paris, Los Angeles, Seul and some other cities.
Event of online reading of an outstanding work of Russian literature was organized by Country- house museum of L.N. Tolstoy «Yasnaya Polyana» and Google supported by Samsung Electronics. Google Hangouts online service was the platform for reading of the novel.
Both ordinary fans of Lev Tolstoy’s art and famous Russian workers of art participated in the project, including such as Zakhar Prilepin, Egor Konchalovsky, Evelina Khromchenko, Mikhail Kozyrev and Mikhail Shvydkoy.
Expert Council of Ministry of education and science of Russia approved 11 university applications for creation of base universities.
Expert Council of Ministry of education and science of Russia examined 12 applications from universities for foundation of base universities and recommended 11 of them for participation. Final list of education organizations that would receive state grants for further development will be approved in accordance with these results.
Council recommended foundation of base universities by the following ones:
10. Tyumen State University of Oil and Gas
11. Ufa State Oil Technical University
Strategy of scientific and technological development of Russia
In Kremlin at the Presidential Council for science and education creation of strategy of scientific and technological development of Russia for long-tern period was discussed.The President offered to equal this document to the strategy of national security of Russia. New concept of scientific development supposes point financing for the leading scientific centers, active cooperation of scientific sphere with real sectors of economy and modernization of education. Vladimir Putin charged to prepare the strategy till the end of the year.
Vladimir Putin charged the Government to make corresponding amendments in the legislation and told: «Right now it is necessary to develop specific practical tool of realization of the strategy that would allow to take into consideration global tendencies and challenges, flexibly react to inquiries of society and economy, new technologies, scientific knowledge and education competencies. I repeat: the issue is of principal character. Existence of own advanced technologies is a key factor of state sovereignty and security, competitive ability of Russian companies and an important condition for growth of economy and quality of life of our citizens. So within this framework I suppose that it is necessary to consider the strategy of scientific and technological development as one of the determinative documents along with the strategy of national security».
Today in Russia there are 150 state scientific centers and institutions that have two third of the issued patents and 80% cites of scientific works in foreign and Russian special editions. But these 150 organizations just a tenth part of all scientific state enterprises. It is supposed to focus financing from the budget straight on advanced structures that will be indicated via transparent evaluation system. But this system is to be developed yet.e problem of private data. Anyone can gather private data - passport data, photos, address, telephone number etc - in Internet from different devices. Personal data is the data that allows to identify a concrete person, and private data is a wider term. It can become personal but if it is collected in one place.